- Are there any special immigrant / visa / tax laws I should be aware of prior to moving? Any forms / agencies I need to contact to verify my status?
Most digital nomads work in countries on tourist visas. Although not technically legal is can be very difficult to get the correct paperwork filed as a digital nomad.
- How does taxation work as a US citizen working remotely in a foreign country, both for US and Honduran taxes?
Most digital nomads are only paying taxes in their home country, despite if the work is done in a foreign country.
- My company supplies my computer and equipment due to security and legal reasons. Is there a great way to ensure I have access to new equipment or shipping services if the need arises?
You need to do research into what mail options are available in the area you're going. Most likely the only option would be a private courier like UPS. Keep in mind this might be pricy. You need to look into shipping laws for the area.
- High speed, reliable internet access is a must. Should I bank on Roatan having these services, or would I be better off getting a plug in network card for my computer?
I would see if you can find a digital nomad group on Facebook for your specific area, country or continent and ask other people living and working there what the best wifi solution is
Hope this helps!